Dr. Lee Crust

  • The MTOUGH group are delighted to announce that one current member, Patricia (Trish) Jackman, has successfully defended her PhD thesis and completed all required minor corrections. Trish took previous MTOUGH […]

  • Over the summer, the International Journal of Sport Psychology published a special “double” edition on mental toughness. The journal includes papers that take a variety of approaches to further understand mental […]

  • Not penalties again!

    I was recently interviewed by the Lincolnshire Echo concerning the England Men’s U21 footballers loss to Germany on penalties in the European Championship semi-final in Poland. I did have […]

  • The MTOUGH team would like to congratulate Lizzie Stamp on successfully defending her PhD thesis this summer. Lizzie received a full-time studentship in 2013 and during her time at Lincoln has played an active […]

  • Over the last year it’s true that there have been few signs of life in terms of the MTOUGH site. We haven’t gone away and there has been lots happening but unfortunately I have not been in a position to update you […]

  • I am very much looking forward to presenting my ideas on developing mental toughness at The Belfrey Golf Complex near Sutton Coldfield on June 30th. Many thanks to Steven Orr and the rest of the organising […]

  • I have recently become one of over two million people trying to ensure January is dry. I am talking, of course, about the campaign to encourage people to give-up alcohol for an entire month. Dry January appears to […]

  • Over the last six years it has been my pleasure to first supervise the PhD research of Christian Swann, and then to see Christian obtain his doctorate and flourish as both an excellent teacher and researcher at […]

  • Some good news to report – the two youngest members of MTOUGH will be presenting part of their PhD research at the BPS Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology Conference in December. The conference runs from […]

  • There is something about the sport of tennis that has always drawn me in. I used to love playing tennis to a reasonable level competitively because of both the mental and physical battles that can ensue. Unlike […]

  • It’s been a while; too long since our previous post, but don’t interpret the silence as a sign that nothing is happening! The MTOUGH team have been very busy. Hopefully in a couple of months we can share with you […]

  • Another year, another loss in the Australian Open final – Andy Murray must be wondering if it’s ever going to happen for him “down under”. He may never have a better chance than he did yesterday. When Murray broke […]

  • Happy New Year to you all. With the Christmas break the MTOUGH site has been quiet for a while but we are pleased to report that a new publication is scheduled for March 2015. Lizzie Stamp has been examining links […]

  • Here at MTOUGH we spend a lot of our time talking to people about the importance of mental toughness in sport and in many other life domains such as education, health, business etc. Our view, based upon […]

  • A recent study by members of the MTOUGH Research Group was featured in regional and national media during the Ryder Cup. The paper by Christian Swann, Lee Crust, and colleagues from University of Canberra, Leeds […]

  • Early in 2014 the University of Lincoln advertised a number of fully-funded PhD oppurtunities, and the work of the MTOUGH group was acknowledged with one of the advertised PhD’s examining mental toughness and flow. Patricia Jackman was awarded the studentship and has recently started work and joined as a member of the MTOUGH team. Patricia is a graduate of the Department of Health, Sport and Exercise Science in Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland. Her recent undergraduate and postgraduate research work has involved an exploration of flow states in Irish jockeys. Despite not having a background in horse racing, Patricia had an interest in the performance aspect of the sport and subsequently attempted to merge her passion for flow and sport psychology with her fascination for thoroughbred horses. Patricia presented this research at the BASES 2013 conference whilst also presenting her recent work at the QRSE 2014 conference alongside Dr. Christian Swann in the Performance Psychology session. An article exploring flow states in flat-jockeys co-authored by Patricia has recently been accepted to the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (Jackman, Van Hout, Lane & Fitzpatrick, in press). The focus of this PhD will be to investigate the link between mental toughness and flow which was exhibited in previous research within the MTOUGH Research Group (Crust & Swann, 2013). In particular, emphasis will be placed on understanding the factors underpinning this relationship and how mental toughness facilitates the occurrence of flow. Patricia has an interest in all sports and is looking forward to carrying out research in a diverse range of sportspeople. We look forward to printing updates as the research progresses.

  • MTOUGH group well-represented at QRSE 2014

    Three members of the MTOUGH team attended the 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise (QRSE 2014) which was recently held in […]

  • We were led to believe that the summer of 2012 was going to be golden. While the sun didn’t shine that much, in sporting terms, it certainly was a golden period. The London Olympics lived up to the hype and Team […]

  • In 2012 I presented a paper at a BPS conference at the Etihad stadium (Manchester) concerning the role of mental toughness in higher education. Sometimes the cogs of the academic world turn rather slowly and the full-length version of that paper has been through several revisions since then but I am pleased to announce that it is finally “in press” and will be published in the near future. We found, using a sample of first-year undergraduate sport students, that mental toughness was related to higher academic performance (end of year grade). The subscales of interpersonal confidence and life control were the best predictors – if you think about it, this makes sense. First year study is effectively a transition period where students often live away from home for the first time, have to manage their own budgets and have to take more personal responsibility than before. They are also faced with establishing new relationships with fellow students and lecturing staff. We also found that lower levels of mental toughness predicted dropout – that is, students with lower mental toughness were more likely to leave or fail the first year. Full details of the forthcoming publication are listed below.

    And that reminds me – this is another collaboration with Peter Clough. Peter has recently moved on from the University of Hull to take up a new role at Manchester Metropolitan University. With the change of role has come a change of title – so congratulations to Professor Clough!

    Crust, L., Earle, K., Perry, J., Earle, F., Clough, A., & Clough, P. (in press). Mental toughness in higher education. Relationships with achievement and progression in first-year University sports students. Personality and Individual Differences.

  • The most recent member of the MTOUGH team recently attended and presented her work at the BASES student conference. Below, Lizzie Stamp gives a brief overview of her experiences.

    On Tuesday 8th – Wednesday 9th of April the Annual BASES Student Conference ‘Putting the pieces together’ was held at the University of Portsmouth. This provided me the first opportunity to present at an external conference. The 2-day event was a very good experience allowing students from Universities across the country to share their work with like-minded people, increase knowledge through the wide range of workshops available, and listen to a variety of keynote speakers.

    A keynote talk which particularly caught my attention was an engaging account from the Great Britain rower Katherine Grainger. Katherine shared her challenging journey comprised of commitment and determination to persevere through set-backs, such as not being selected for the university rowing team, to how she achieved her goal of becoming an Olympic gold medalist. Maybe it was an element of mental toughness which allowed Katherine to have the confidence to overcome challenges and achieve her dreams?

    On the second day I presented a quantitative study investigating the influence of mental toughness on lifestyle choices in University students. Surveys were distributed to students attending six Universities across the U.K. assessing mental toughness and lifestyle choices. Findings revealed mental toughness to be positively correlated with healthy lifestyle behaviours when studying at University. Mental toughness was identified to account for small but significant variation in physical activity participation, barriers to exercise, and eating identity. Additionally, relationships appeared stronger for women than for men.

    On the whole, the combination of presentations, keynote speakers and workshops made the 2014 Annual BASES Student Conference an enjoyable event to deliver my first presentation, providing a valuable experience.

    Lizzie Stamp (PhD Student)

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